DOI: https://doi.org/10.28925/1609-8595.2020.2.14

EUROPEAN APPROACHES AND PRACTICES TO ASSURE HIGHER EDUCATION QUALITY

Iryna Sokolova

Abstract


The article analyzes the national context of higher education reforms in Southern Europe, based on broad source analysis.
The author has found out that the countries of Southern Europe (Spain, Italy, Portugal, and Greece) are distinguished by the national peculiarities of institutional transformations in the field of higher education, demonstrate the experience of successful implementation of the EHEA educational policy, taking into account the national priorities and historical traditions of higher education.
A qualitative approach was applied when judging the level of involvement in quality assurance (QA) agencies in Eastern Europe.
To implement the national Laws on Higher Education, harmonized with «Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the EHEA», agencies & HEIs in Spain, Italy, Portugal and Greece emphasize quality assurance procedures focused on learning, teaching, and research output. The article highlights organizational, content and procedural activities of higher education QA agencies. The competencies of national agencies have been characterized in the article.
Study findings identified the trends in the implementation of the European concept of QA in higher education: the institutionalization of national systems, articulation of consistency with EU documents, national legislation; the scientific and educational collaboration in different fields of activity; internationalization and visualization of the agencies’ activities in the international educational space. It is concluded that general trends determine the directions of dynamic organizational and procedural changes in national higher education systems.
Particular attention in the article is paid to the internal QA systems in HEIs under the guidance and with methodological support national agencies provided. The general and specific procedures of external and internal quality assurance in the countries of Southern Europe have been described.
From the material presented in this paper, the following theme may require further attention: examining quality frameworks and quality assurance standards in Eastern Europe.


Keywords


accreditation; ECTS; educational programs; higher education; national agencies; quality assurance procedures; quality assurance

References


Dolynska, M. (2017). Deiaki aspekty kontroliu vyshchoi osvity u krainakh Yevropeiskoho Soiuzu [Some aspects of control of higher education in the European Union]. Visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu «Lvivska politekhnika». Seriia: Yurydychni nauky, 876, 313–319.

Klimova, H. P. (2016). Yakist vyshchoi osvity – yevropeiskyi vymir [Quality of higher education: a European dimension]. Visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu «Iurydychna akademiia Ukrainy imeni Yaroslava Mudroho», 28, 203–210.

Kondratiuk, T. V. (2016). YeS ta yoho rehiony: kharakterystyka v konteksti poshuku shliakhiv pidvyshchennia efektyvnosti ukrainskoho suspilstva [The EU and its regions: the description in the context of finding ways toimprove the efficiency of ukrainian society]. Ekonomika ta derzhava, 1, 10–17.

Krystopchuk, T. (2016). Systema zabezpechennia yakosti vyshchoi osvity: zarubizhnyi dosvid [The quality assurance of higher education system: foreign experience]. Neperervna profesiina osvita: teoriia i praktyka (seriia: pedahohichni nauky). 3–4 (48–49), 99–103. https://doi.org/10.28925/1609-8595.2016(3-4)99103.

NAZYaVO. Misiya ta strategiya Agentstva [National Agency for Higher Education Quality Assurance. Mission Statement and Strategy] (2019). https://naqa.gov.ua/.

Dobko,T., Zolotarova, I., Kalashnikova, S., Kovtunets, V., Kurbatov, S., Lynova, I., … Sharov, S.; Kalashnikova, S.& Luhovyi, V. (Eds.). (2015). Rozvytok systemy zabezpechennia yakosti vyshchoi osvity v Ukraini: informatsiino-analitychnyi ohliad [Development of the Higher Education Quality Assurance System in Ukraine: An Information and Analytical Review]. Priorytety.

Sbruieva, A. A. (Ed.). (2019). Formuvannia yevropeiskoho vymiru zabezpechennia yakosti vyshchoi osvity v konteksti internatsionalizatsii osvitnoho prostoru [Formation of the European Dimension of Higher Education Quality Assurance in the Context of Education Area Internationalization]: monohrafiia. SumDPU imeni A. S. Makarenka.

Khoruzhyi, H. F. (2016). Yevropeiska polityka vyshchoi osvity [European higher education policy]. Dyvosvit.

Tsiura, S. (2015). Metodologiya porivnyalnih pedagogichnih doslidzhen: principi [The methodology of comparative pedagogic researches: principles]. Pedagogichna komparativistika – 2015: transformaciyi v osviti zarubizhzhya ta ukrayinskij kontekst: materiali naukovo-praktichnogo seminaru, Kyiv, 11 chervnya 2015 r., 28–29.

Shyika, O. I. (2016). Systema zabezpechennia yakosti universytetskoi osvity v Avstrii [Quality Assurance System of the University Education in Austria]: Candidate’s thesis.

ANECA. Evaluation Activities. http://www. aneca.es/eng/Evaluation-Activities.

A3ES – Agency for Assessment and Accreditation of Higher Education. https://www.a3es.pt/en.

A3ES. Audit of Internal Systems of Quality Assurance. Manual for the audit process. V1.3, December 2018. 21 p. https:// www.a3es.pt/en/accreditation-and-audit/guidelines/audit-internal-systems-quality-assurance.

EACEA National Policies Platform. Higher education indicators. https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/en/ mobility-scoreboard/scoreboard-indicators-higher-education.

Education system. Greece. (January 2015). Nuffic. 2 nd edition. Version 2. www.nuffic.nl›documents.

ENQA (13 February, 2017). ENQA Agency review: Agency for science and higher education (ASHE). https://backend. deqar.eu/reports/EQAR/ASHE_External_Review_Report_2017.pdf ENQA. (20 June, 2019). ENQA Agency Review: Italian national agency for the evaluation of universities and research institutes (ANVUR). https://enqa.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/ANVUR-external-review-report.pdf.

ENQA. (March 2018). External review of the (Italian) National Agency for the Evaluation of Universities and Research Institutes by the European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA). https://enqa.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/ANVUR-external-review-report.pdf.

European Commission /EACEA /Eurydice. Mobility Scoreboard: Higher Education Background Report 2018/19. Eurydice Report. (2020). Publications Office of the European Union.

Eurostat. (05–02–2020). https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=demo_pjangroup&lang=en.

Eurydice. Greece. (2020). https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/higher-education-33_en.

HQA (The Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency) (2017). Guidelines for accreditation. https://www. adip.gr/en/quality-assurance/accreditation-guide.

HQA. Report of the Panel appointed to undertake a review of the Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency (HQA) for the purposes of the granting of full membership of the ENQA. (7 March, 2015). https://www.adip.gr/en/ about-hqa/the-hqa-quality-policy.

HQA. Connect to Quality Data Management System. https://www.adip.gr/en/services/connect-to-quality-data-management-system.

Higher Education System in Portugal (2019). https://www.educations.com/study-guides/europe/study-in-portugal/ education-system-7811.

Landlord (2019). https://landlord.ua/news/usia-ekonomika-svitu-v-odnii-diahrami-infohrafika/.

Law № 4009 of 2011 on the Structure, Operation, Quality Assurance of Studies and Internationalization of Higher Education Institutions, E.K.E.D. (2011). https://perma.cc/3YGW-XUCQ.

Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte. Registro de Universidades, Centros y Títulos (RUCT). https://www. educacion.gob.es/ruct/home.

National Agency for Quality Assessment and Accreditation (ANECA). http://www.aneca.es/eng/Evaluation-Activities.

OECD. Review of Higher Education, Research and Innovation: Portugal. OECDiLibrary . ( February 21, 2019). https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/education/oecd-review-of-higher-education-research-and-innovation-portugal_9789264308138-en.

Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area (ESG). (2015). EURASHE.

Tsiuk, O. (2019). Napriamy implementatsii v Ukraini shvedskoho dosvidu shchodo zabezpechennia yakosti vyshchoi osvity [Directions of the implementation of the Swedish experience for quality assurance of higher education in Ukraine]. Neperervna profesiina osvita: teoriia i praktyka (seriia: pedahohichni nauky), 2 (59), 78–82. https://doi. org/10.28925/1609-8595.2019.2.7882.

World University Rankings 2020. https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2020/world.


GOST Style Citations


  • Долинська М. Деякі аспекти контролю вищої освіти у країнах Європейського Союзу. Вісник Національного університету «Львівська політехніка». Серія: Юридичні науки. 2017. № 876. С. 313–319.
  • Клімова Г. П. Якість вищої освіти – європейський вимір. Вісник Національного університету «Юридична академія України імені Ярослава Мудрого». 2016. № 1 (28). С. 203–210. 
  • Кондратюк Т. В. ЄС та його регіони: характеристика в контексті пошуку шляхів підвищення ефективності українського суспільства. Економiка та держава. 2016. №1. С.10–17. 
  • Кристопчук Т. Система забезпечення якості вищої освіти: зарубіжний досвід. Неперервна професійна освіта: теорія і практика (серія: педагогічні науки). 2016. Вип. № 3–4 (48–49). С. 99–103. DOI: https://doi. org/10.28925/1609-8595.2016(3-4)99103.
  • НАЗЯВО. Місія та стратегія Агентства. 2019. URL: https://naqa.gov.ua (дата звернення: 03.03. 2020).
  • Розвиток системи забезпечення якості вищої освіти в Україні: інформаційно-аналітичний огляд / Укл.: Добко Т., Золотарьова І., Калашнікова С., Ковтунець В., Курбатов С., Линьова І. та ін.; за заг. ред. С.Калашнікової та В. Лугового. Київ : ДП «НВЦ «Пріоритети», 2015. 84 с.
  • Формування європейського виміру забезпечення якості вищої освіти в контексті інтернаціоналізації освітнього простору: монографія / за заг. ред. А. А. Сбруєвої. Суми: Вид-во СумДПУімені А. С. Макаренка, 2019. 254 с.
  • Хоружий Г. Ф. Європейська політика вищої освіти: монографія. Полтава: Дивосвіт, 2016. 384 с.
  • Цюра С. Методологія порівняльних педагогічних досліджень: принципи. Педагогічна компаративістика – 2015: трансформації в освіті зарубіжжя та український контекст: матеріали науково-практичного семінару, Київ, 11 червня 2015 р. Київ: Педагогічна думка, 2015. С. 28–29.
  • Шийка О. І. Система забезпечення якості університетської освіти в Австрії : дис. … канд. пед. наук: спец. 13.00.01. Дрогобич, 2016. 276 с.
  • ANECA. Evaluation Activities. URL: http://www.aneca.es/eng/Evaluation-Activities (дата звернення: 15.03. 2020).
  • A3ES – Agency for Assessment and Accreditation of Higher Education. URL: https://www.a3es.pt/en (дата звернення: 16.03.2020).
  • A3ES. Audit of Internal Systems of Quality Assurance. Manual for the audit process. V1.3, December 2018. 21 p.
  • URL: https://www.a3es.pt/en/accreditation-and-audit/guidelines/audit-internal-systems-quality-assurance (дата звернення: 17.03.2020).
  • EACEA National Policies Platform. Higher education indicators. URL: https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/ en/mobility-scoreboard/scoreboard-indicators-higher-education (дата звернення: 12.02.2020).
  • Education system. Greece. Nuffic. 2 nd edition. Version 2. January 2015. URL: www.nuffic.nl›documents (дата звернення: 17.03.2020).
  • ENQA. ENQA Agency review: Agency for science and higher education (ASHE). (13 February 2017). 56 P. URL: https://backend.deqar.eu/reports/EQAR/ASHE_External_Review_Report_2017.pdf–(дата–звернення: 03.03.2020).
  • ENQA. ENQA Agency Review: Italian national agency for the evaluation of universities and research institutes (ANVUR). 20 June, 2019. 71 p. URL: https://enqa.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/ANVUR-external-review-report.pdf (дата звернення: 22.03.2020).
  • ENQA. External review of the (Italian) National Agency for the Evaluation of Universities and Research Institutes by the European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA). March 2018. 6 p. URL: https:// enqa.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/ANVUR-external-review-report.pdf (дата звернення: 03.03.2020).
  • European Commission /EACEA /Eurydice, 2020. Mobility Scoreboard: Higher Education Background Report 2018/19. Eurydice Report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 112 p. Eurostat. 05–02–2020. URL: https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=demo_pjangroup&lang=en (дата звернення: 05.02.2020).
  • Eurydice. Greece. 2020. URL: https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/higher-education-33_ en (дата звернення: 03.02. 2020).
  • Higher Education System in Portugal. 2019. URL: https://www.educations.com/study-guides/europe/study-in-portugal/education-system-7811 (дата звернення: 11.12.2019).
  • HQA (The Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency). Guidelines for accreditation. 2017. 29 p. URL: https://www.adip.gr/en/quality-assurance/accreditation-guide (дата звернення: 23.03.2020).
  • HQA. Report of the Panel appointed to undertake a review of the Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency (HQA) for the purposes of the granting of full membership of the ENQA. 7 March, 2015. 51 p. URL: https://www.adip.gr/en/about-hqa/the-hqa-quality-policy (дата звернення: 05.03.2020).
  • HQA. Connect to Quality Data Management System. URL: https://www.adip.gr/en/services/connect-to-quality-data-management-system (дата звернення: 05.03.2020).
  • Landlord.–2019.–URL:–https://landlord.ua/news/usia-ekonomika-svitu-v-odnii-diahrami-infohrafika/–(дата звернення: 16.01.2019).
  • Law № 4009 of 2011 on the Structure, Operation, Quality Assurance of Studies and Internationalization of Higher Education Institutions, E.K.E.D., 2011, A:195 (in Greek). URL: https://perma.cc/3YGW-XUCQ (дата звернення: 15.03.2020).
  • Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte. Registro de Universidades, Centros y Títulos (RUCT). URL: https:// www.educacion.gob.es/ruct/home (дата звернення 10.03.2020).
  • National Agency for Quality Assessment and Accreditation (ANECA). URL: http://www.aneca.es/eng/Evaluation-Activities (дата звернення: 15.03.2020).
  • OECD Review of Higher Education, Research and Innovation: Portugal. February 21, 2019 OECDiLibrary.
  • URL: https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/education/oecd-review-of-higher-education-research-and-innovation-portugal_9789264308138-en (дата звернення: 10.04.2020).
  • Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area (ESG). 2015. Belgium: EURASHE. 32 p.
  • Tsyuk О. Directions of the implementation of the Swedish experience for quality assurance of higher education in Ukraine. Неперервна професійна освіта: теорія і практика (серія: педагогічні науки). 2019. № 2 (59). С. 78– 82. DOI: https://doi.org/10.28925/1609-8595.2019.2.7882 World University Rankings 2020. URL: https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2020/ world (дата звернення 10.02.2020).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Iryna Sokolova