DOI: https://doi.org/10.28925/1609-8595.2020.2.9

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RIGHT TO TEACHER’S ACADEMIC FREEDOM IN THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF UKRAINE

Tetiana Motuz

Abstract


The article analyzes the phenomenon of academic freedom of teachers in the context of democratization of the educational process. It is proved that the academic freedom of the general secondary school teacher is the basic principle of modern educational reform in Ukraine. Academic freedom of the teacher implies freedom and independence in the issues of teaching, research, education (advanced training).
It is substantiated that the intensification of the implementation of the principles of academic freedom in the practice of teacher work is connected with the processes of the bureaucratization of national education (2014 – present), as well as the implementation of the Concept of the New Ukrainian School (2016). Among the key components of the New Ukrainian School is a motivated teacher who «has the freedom of creativity and develops professionally». The concept also emphasizes the interconnection of academic freedom of the teacher with real institution autonomy and decentralization of management, and the New Ukrainian School can be successful in effectively combining these two components.
An important direction of the state policy on ensuring the freedom of professional activity of teachers, democratization of the management of the educational process was the process of debureaucratization, which began in 2014 and envisaged the release of pedagogical staff from reporting, not stipulated by the legislation, as well as the ability to independently choose information resources, materials, materials teaching.
In exercising the teacher’s right to academic freedom, there is a possible conflict of interest that arises between the individual teacher and the general staff of the educational institution, whose rights are exercised through a self-governing body – the pedagogical council. The resolution of the conflict between the right of the institution of education to academic autonomy and the right of the teacher to academic freedom depends on socio-political, economic factors, but, as a rule, public, collective interest prevails.


Keywords


academic freedom; advanced training; debureaucratization; democratization; educational process

References


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