DOI: https://doi.org/10.28925/1609-8595.2020.1.12

PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS: APPLYING US EXPERIENCE TO UKRAINIAN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

Olha Pavlenko

Abstract


The article discusses the current state of professional training of engineers, in particular, electronics engineers in Ukrainian higher education institutions (HEIs) and explores best practices from US HEIs. The research outlines the features of professional training of electronics engineers and recent changes in Ukrainian HEIs. Such challenges for Ukrainian HEIs as lack of collaboration between higher education and science with industry, R&D cost reduction for HEIs, and downsizing the research and academic staff, the disparity between the available quality of human capital training and the demanded are addressed. The study attempts to identify successful practices of US HEIs professional training of engineers in order to suggest potential improvements in education, research, and innovation for training electronics engineers in Ukraine.

Keywords


electronics engineer; engineering education; higher education institution; professional training; Ukrainian higher education; US higher education

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References


• AHELO. Assessment of higher education learning outcomes. Feasibility study report. Further insights. (2013). Volume 3. OECD.

• Carnegie Classification of Academic Institutions. (2018). Bloomington: Centre for Postsecondary Research Indiana University School of Education. https://carnegieclassifications.iu.edu/downloads/CCIHE2018-FactsFigures.pdf.

• Coates, H. (2014). Higher education learning outcomes assessment: international perspectives. Peter Lang GmbH.

• Criteria for Accrediting Engineering Programs 2018-2019 (2018). https://www.abet.org/accreditation/accreditation-criteria/criteria-for-accrediting-engineering-programs-2018-2019/.

• Fry, H., Ketterindge, S., Marshall, S. (2015). A Handbook for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education. Routledge.

• Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia, O., Shavelson, R. J., & Kuhn, C. (2015). The international state of research on measurement of competency in higher education. Studies in Higher Education, 40 (3), 393–411. 10.1080/03075079.2015.1004241.

• Bystrova, B. V. (2018). Profesiina pidhotovka bakalavriv z kiberbezpeky u vyshchykh navchalnykh zakladakh osvity SShA [Professional training of undergraduate students majoring in cyber security in US higher education institutions]: candidate’s thesis: 13.00.04.

• Derykhovska, V. I. (2016). Porivnialna kharakterystyka indykatyvnoho skladu otsinky VNZ u mizhnarodnykh reitynhakh [Comparative Characteristics of Higher Education Assessment Indicative Components in International Ratings]. Ekonomika. Finansy. Pravo (Ekonomika), 11, 26–30.

• Zgurovsky, M. (2006). Bolonskii proces – strukturna reforma vishchoi osvіty na yevropeiskomy prostorі [Bologna process: structural reform of higher education in Europe]. http://kpi.ua/bologna.

• Zgurovsky, M. Z., Yakimenko, Yu. I., Ilchenko, M. Yu., Sidorenko, Yu. M., Dergachova, V. V., Vojtko, S. V., Boldak, A. O., Yefremov, K. V. (2018). Forsait 2018: Analіz pіdgotovky і perepіdgotovky fahіvcіv prirodnichogo і tehnіchnogo spriamuvannia, vihodiachi z cіlei stalogo socіalno-ekonomіchnogo rozvytku Ukrainy do 2025 roku [Foresight 2018: Analysis of training and retraining of professionals in natural and technical sciences with regard to sustainable social and economic goals for Ukrainian development until 2025]. Politechnika.

• Ihnatiuk, O. (2010). Teoretychni ta metodychni osnovy pidhotovky maibutnoho inzhenera do profesiinoho samovdoskonalennia v umovakh tekhnichnoho universytetu [Theoretical and Methodological Basis of Future Engineer Preparation for Professional Self-Improvement within the Context of Technical University] (Doctor’s thesis): 13.00.04.

• Pavlenko, O. (2019). Profesiina pidhotovka fakhivciv z electroniky s SShA: organizatsia ta merezha zakladiv osvity [Professional Training of Electronics Engineers in the USA: Organization and Network of Higher Education Institutions]. Pedagogical Discourse, (27), 84–95. https://doi.org/10.31475/ped.dys.2019.27.10.

• Sidenko, V. (2018). Globalnі strukturnі transformacii ta trendy ekonomіky Ukrainy [Global structural transformations and trends of Ukrainian economy]. Ekonomika i prognozuvannya, 2, 7–29. https://doi.org/10.15407/eip2018.02.007.

• Standart vyshhoi osvity specialnosti 171 «Elektronika» dla pershoho (bakalavrskoho) rivnia vyshchoi osvity [Standard for training applicants for Bachelor’s degree progamme within the specialization 171 «Electronics»]. https://mon.gov.ua/ storage/app/media/vishcha-osvita/zatverdzeni%20standarty/171-elektronika.pdf.


GOST Style Citations


• AHELO. Assessment of higher education learning outcomes. Feasibility study report. Further insights. (2013). Volume 3. OECD.
• Carnegie Classification of Academic Institutions. (2018). Bloomington: Centre for Postsecondary Research Indiana University School of Education. https://carnegieclassifications.iu.edu/downloads/CCIHE2018-FactsFigures.pdf.
• Coates, H. (2014). Higher education learning outcomes assessment: international perspectives. Peter Lang GmbH.
• Criteria for Accrediting Engineering Programs 2018-2019 (2018). https://www.abet.org/accreditation/accreditation-criteria/criteria-for-accrediting-engineering-programs-2018-2019/.
• Fry, H., Ketterindge, S., Marshall, S. (2015). A Handbook for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education. Routledge.
• Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia, O., Shavelson, R. J., & Kuhn, C. (2015). The international state of research on measurement of competency in higher education. Studies in Higher Education, 40 (3), 393–411. 10.1080/03075079.2015.1004241.
• Bystrova, B. V. (2018). Profesiina pidhotovka bakalavriv z kiberbezpeky u vyshchykh navchalnykh zakladakh osvity SShA [Professional training of undergraduate students majoring in cyber security in US higher education institutions]: candidate’s thesis: 13.00.04.
• Derykhovska, V. I. (2016). Porivnialna kharakterystyka indykatyvnoho skladu otsinky VNZ u mizhnarodnykh reitynhakh [Comparative Characteristics of Higher Education Assessment Indicative Components in International Ratings]. Ekonomika. Finansy. Pravo (Ekonomika), 11, 26–30.
• Zgurovsky, M. (2006). Bolonskii proces – strukturna reforma vishchoi osvіty na yevropeiskomy prostorі [Bologna process: structural reform of higher education in Europe]. http://kpi.ua/bologna.
• Zgurovsky, M. Z., Yakimenko, Yu. I., Ilchenko, M. Yu., Sidorenko, Yu. M., Dergachova, V. V., Vojtko, S. V., Boldak, A. O., Yefremov, K. V. (2018). Forsait 2018: Analіz pіdgotovky і perepіdgotovky fahіvcіv prirodnichogo і tehnіchnogo spriamuvannia, vihodiachi z cіlei stalogo socіalno-ekonomіchnogo rozvytku Ukrainy do 2025 roku [Foresight 2018: Analysis of training and retraining of professionals in natural and technical sciences with regard to sustainable social and economic goals for Ukrainian development until 2025]. Politechnika.
• Ihnatiuk, O. (2010). Teoretychni ta metodychni osnovy pidhotovky maibutnoho inzhenera do profesiinoho samovdoskonalennia v umovakh tekhnichnoho universytetu [Theoretical and Methodological Basis of Future Engineer Preparation for Professional Self-Improvement within the Context of Technical University] (Doctor’s thesis): 13.00.04.
• Pavlenko, O. (2019). Profesiina pidhotovka fakhivciv z electroniky s SShA: organizatsia ta merezha zakladiv osvity [Professional Training of Electronics Engineers in the USA: Organization and Network of Higher Education Institutions]. Pedagogical Discourse, (27), 84–95. https://doi.org/10.31475/ped.dys.2019.27.10.
• Sidenko, V. (2018). Globalnі strukturnі transformacii ta trendy ekonomіky Ukrainy [Global structural transformations and trends of Ukrainian economy]. Ekonomika i prognozuvannya, 2, 7–29. https://doi.org/10.15407/eip2018.02.007.
• Standart vyshhoi osvity specialnosti 171 «Elektronika» dla pershoho (bakalavrskoho) rivnia vyshchoi osvity [Standard for training applicants for Bachelor’s degree progamme within the specialization 171 «Electronics»]. https://mon.gov.ua/ storage/app/media/vishcha-osvita/zatverdzeni%20standarty/171-elektronika.pdf.


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